World Carpet Trade Centre located in Tabriz, Iran, was a competition piece designed to create an iconic symbol of the history and heritage of Persian carpets.
The programmatic requirements included large open public spaces, exhibition halls, shops, offices and a gallery. The competition provided us an opportunity to adapt the brief to incorporate research carried out on the formation of geometric form derived from traditional Islamic patterns known as girih patterns. The application of the girih pattern to the complex volume conceived during the design development enabled us to test and develop spatial, structural and environmental strategies.
The principle aesthetic design for the Carpet Trade Centre was based on the ornamentation of the gereh patterns. The extraction of intrinsic geometric patterns from sections of textiles informed the design for the external envelope of the building in parallel to providing a means of creating a heterogeneous internal environment. The perforations in the envelope were designed to act as a performative skin, diffusing direct sunlight and allowing passive ventilation. The use of passive ventilation eliminates the need for electromechanical systems. The use of passive environmental conditioning is designed to improve the quality of the habitable space within the building as well as reduce the carbon footprint of the building.
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